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The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) is a global coalition committed to making Open the default for research and education. SPARC empowers people to solve big problems and make new discoveries through the adoption of policies and practices that advance Open Access, Open Data, and Open Education. SPARC works to enable the open sharing of research outputs and educational materials in order to democratize access to knowledge, accelerate discovery, and increase the return on investment in research and education. As a catalyst for action, SPARC focuses on collaborating with other stakeholders—including authors, publishers, libraries, students, funders, policymakers and the public—to build on the opportunities created by the Internet, promoting changes to both infrastructure and culture needed to make open the default for research and education.


Crossref makes research outputs easy to find, cite, link, and assess. Crossref is a not-for-profit membership organization that exists to make scholarly communications better. Crossref rallies the community, tags and shares metadata, runs an open infrastructure, plays with technology and makes tools and services—all to help put scholarly content in context.


The Public Knowledge Project (PKP) is a multi-university initiative developing free open source software and conducting research to improve the quality and reach of scholarly publishing. PKP is focused on the importance of making the results of publicly funded research freely available through open access policies, and on developing strategies for making this possible including open source software solutions. The Open Journal Systems (OJS), the world’s most widely used open source journal management and publishing system, has been developed by PKP. 

Érudit provides access to extensive document collections and scientific data, primarily in the social sciences, humanities, literature and the arts. As a platform for producing and disseminating research findings and tools, Érudit offers services based on an intensive use of digital technology, which has become a critical component of scholarly communications, and works to promote open-access dissemination of research. It’s a non-commercial inter-university consortium comprising the Université de Montréal, Université Laval and Université du Québec à Montréal. Érudit receives support from the Fonds de Recherche du Québec, and has been recognized as a Major Scientific Initiative by the Canada Foundation for Innovation since 2014.

The Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) is a communi-ty-curated online directory that indexes and provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals.DOAJ also operates an education and outreach program across the globe, focussing on improving the quality of applications submitted. DOAJ is independent. All funding is via donations, 40% of which comes from sponsors and 60% from members and publisher members. All DOAJ services are free of charge including being indexed in DOAJ. All data is freely available.





Marseille is the second-largest city of France and a major centre for administration, education and research. Marseille is home to many prestigious research centres and houses several world-renowned laboratories. Marseille is also one of the France’s most diverse cities, open onto the Mediterranean world. The city was European Capital of Culture in 2013 and European Capital of Sport in 2017. Its current mayor is Jean-Claude Gaudin.





The French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) is among the world’s leading research institutions. Its scientists explore the living world, matter, the Universe, and the functioning of human societies in order to meet the major challenges of today and tomorrow. Internationally recognised for the excellence of its scientific research, the CNRS is a reference in the world of research and development, as well as for the general public.

The Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation (MESRI) is a government department of France overseeing university-level education and research. The Ministry is in charge of the preparation and implementation of the French Government’s policy on the development of higher education and research.

OpenEdition is a comprehensive digital publishing infrastructure at the service of scientific information in the Humanities and social Sciences. The OpenEdition portal includes four publishing and information platforms in the humanities and social sciences: OpenEdition Journals, OpenEdition Books, Hypotheses (research blogs) and Calenda (announcements of international academic events). The portal is thus a space dedicated to the promotion of research, publishing tens of thousands of scientific documents that promote open access, while respecting the economic equilibrium of publications.

The Center for Direct Scientific Communication (CCSD) works for the researchers’communities and their institutional environment (research organizations, universities). Its main mission is to provide tools, in the respect of open access principles, for archiving and the dissemination of scientific publications and data.

The CCSD has created, develops and manages the HAL open archive, the conference management platform and the hosting platform of epi-journals It is part of a network of national and international partners, stakeholders and operators of scientific and technical information.

Métopes­ is­ an­ infrastructure­ designed­ for publishers­ and­ to­ serve­ the­ editorial activities of­ all­ higher­ education­ and­ research institutions.­ In­ the­ current­ transition­ context ­from ­print­ (subscription-based) business­ models­ to digital open access, it provides methods and a set of tools to enable the creation of structured editorial content repositories and to help scholarly publishers to manage the transformation of the publishing and distribution functions in­ keeping­ as­ closely­ as ­possible­ with­ their goals ­and­ missions­ of­ research­ results and datas dissemination. 

Huma-Num is a French Very Large Research Infrastructure with international reach devoted to Social Sciences and Humanities. Huma-Num aims at supporting research communities by providing services, assessment and tools on digital research data. To perform its missions, Huma-Num bases its activities on a innovative form of organization that combines human (collective consultation through Huma-Num’s consortia, which are groups of researchers and engineers, funded by Huma-Num, working on common areas of interest) and technological resources (sustainable digital services) on a national and European scale. 

With the consortia it supervises, Huma-Num coordinates the production of digital data while offering a variety of platforms and tools for the processing, conservation, dissemination and long-term preservation of digital research data. One of the scientific objective of such involvement is to promote data sharing so that other researchers, communities or disciplines, can reuse them, including from an interdisciplinary perspective and in different ways.

Persée is a digital library of open access, mostly French-language scholarly journals, established by the Ministry of National Education of France. The website launched in 2005. The resource is maintained by the École normale supérieure de Lyon, French National Centre for Scientific Research, and University of Lyon. It is one of the largest francophone portals dedicated to human and social sciences, with about 600 000 documents freely available.

Inria, the French research institute for digital sciences, promotes scientific excellence and technology transfer to maximise its impact. It employs 2,400 people. Its 200 agile project teams, generally with academic partners, involve more than 3,000 scientists in meeting the challenges of computer science and mathematics, often at the interface of other disciplines. Inria works with many companies and has assisted in the creation of over 160 startups. It strives to meet the challenges of the digital transformation of science, society and the economy.

HIRMEOS is a Operas project funded in the framework of the HORIZON 2020 program. We thank the European Commission very much for its generous support to the realization of the work-shop on Open access monographs.
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